Robert Lockwood, Jr., also known as Robert Junior Lockwood, (March 27, 1915 – November 21, 2006) was an American Delta blues guitarist, who recorded for Chess Records among other Chicago labels in the 1950s and 1960s. He is best known as a longtime collaborator with Sonny Boy Williamson II and for his work in the mid-1950s with Little Walter. He started playing the organ in his father’s church at the age of 8. The famous bluesman Robert Johnson lived with Lockwood’s mother for 10 years off and on after his parents’ divorce. Lockwood learned from Johnson not only how to play guitar, but timing and stage presence as well. By age 15, Lockwood was playing professionally at parties in the Helena area. In 1941, Lockwood made his first recordings with Doctor Clayton for the Bluebird label in Aurora, Illinois. During these same sessions, he also recorded the four songs which were released as the first two singles under his own name, which were early versions of his staple repertoire. These recordings were released as 78s on Bluebird Records. Lockwood was an early influence of B. B. King and played with King’s band during his early career in Memphis. In 1961, Lockwood moved with his wife to her hometown of Cleveland, Ohio where he resided until his death.
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